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Elk Facts

Did you know that:

  • Elk are one of the most majestic animals in North America. They are native to Ontario.
     
  • Their native name is �wapiti� meaning white rump.
     
  • Elk belong to the deer family, also known as cervidae. Other members of the cervidae family are moose, caribou, white-tailed deer and mule deer. All these species have the common trait of an even number of toes.
     
  • Elk males are called bulls; females are called cows, and babies are called calves.
     
  • Bulls weigh, on average 700 - 900 lbs; cows average 500-600 lbs, and calves average 35 lbs. at birth
     
  • Elk are intelliegent - protection of their young against dogs and coyotes comes naturally!
     
  • Cows can breed at 18 months of age and will breed up to 15 years of age, some even up to 20 years
     
  • Cows pregnancy will last between 245-255 days and some as late as 270 days
     
  • Elk calves are normally born in May or June with white spots and a tan rump. Twins are very rare.
     
  • In their first year of life, a calf will gain over 300 lbs!
     
    Our elk
  • Antlers, which only grow on bulls, are shed every Spring.
     
  • Antlers can grow from 1 in. to 1½ inch in just a single day. The amount of antler growth is regulated by the length of daylight
     
  • As the antler grows, it is soft with a hair-like covering called velvet.
     
  • In the first 75 days of growth, a domestic elk may produce as much as 20 to 40 pounds of new antler tissue
     
  • Elk velvet has been used in traditional redemies for centuries.
     
  • Elk meat promotes a flavorful, fat free & low cholesterol, diet (see nutrition facts).